Phrasal verbs

 

Alguns termos em inglês não são o que realmente parecem ser, no caso, as Phrasal Verbs são expressões com aparentemente ao “pé da letra” querem dizer uma coisa mas o real significado é outro.

Abaixo estão algumas das mais utilizadas. Espero que seja útil!

Drop-off— Drop off: fall asleep

Ask out– invite to go somewhere

Back up- support

Blow up– inflates; explode

Blurt out– say something unexpectedly

Boil over- overflow by boiling

Boil down- reduce

Boil up- increase to a dangerous level

Break down- stop working (machine), destroy

Break off- stop speaking,

Break up- destroy, separate.

Break up with- end a relationship

Bring back– return

Bring up– mention; raise children

Burn down– burn a building to the ground

Burn up– destroy by burning

Call up- telephone

Call off– cancel

Calm down- become calmer

Catch up with– become equal to; level with

Chase down– follow someone to catch them

Cheer up– make someone happy

Chicken out– be afraid to continue an action

Clear up– correct a misunderstanding

Close down- cease a business

Come across- find by chance

Come back- begin again after inactivity

Come over- happen to

Come into- inherit

Come in- become fashionable

Come out- be published, be known

Come up- move near, happen

Come up with- invent

Cross out– remove or eliminate by drawing a line through it

Cut down- reduce something to save money, make something fall by cutting

Do away with- get rid of, eliminate or finish

Dream up- imagine

Dress up- dress fomally

Drop off – fall asleep

Drown out– overwhelm with noise

Dry off– remove moisture from a surface

Egg on– encourage

Explain away– give an excuse for something

Fade away– gradually disappear

Fizzle out– become ineffective

Fight off- defend successfully

Figure out– find an answer, calculate

Fill in/out– complete a form

Find out– discover

Fix up- repair or renovate

Flunk out– fail in school

Get across– make understandable

Get away- escape unpunished

Get down– depress

Get for- obtain

Get over– recover from a shock or illness

Get up– leave bed in the morning

Give away- distribute at no cost

Give back– return something to the owner

Give in- surrender

Give up– quit

Give up on– stop trying

Go away- take something without permission

Go off- turn sour, switched off

Go over- examine, review.

Go down- become lower

Go out- go outside socially

Go on– continue

Go through with– continue with resolve

Go with– date exclusively

Goof off– waste time

Goof up– make a mistake

Grow up– get bigger and older

Hand in– submit

Hand out– distribute

Hand over– surrender something

Hang in- keep going in the spite of the difficulties

Hang out– spend free time somewhere

Hang on- wait, specially on the phone

Hang up- put a telephone receiver down

Hang around- be in a place without purpose or activity

Hang down- become lower

Keep away from– avoid

Keep after- continue insisting

Keep back- control feelings, keep something secret, cause to remain at a distance.

Keep off- make someone stay away from a place (the place must be mentioned)

Keep on– continue

Knock out- make someone lose consciousness

Lead on– give false hope to someone

Leave out– omit

Let down– disappoint

Lighten up– become less serious

Look over– examine; inspect

Look up – find information a reference book

Look after– take care of someone

Look down on– have a poor opinion of; disdain

Look up to– admire

Make up- create; invent

Make up with– reestablish a relationship

Make over- remake

Make out- understand

Make off with- steal

Mark down– discount a price

Mess up– make something disorganized or dirty

Mix up– confuse

Pass out– faint

Pass over- overlook

Pencil in– make a tentative appointment

Pick in- make hole in

Pick out– select; choose

Pick off- remove something, especially from a plant

Pick up- come to get; lift something, give someone a ride.

Point out– show; mention

Put away– store, put something in its place

Put across- make an idea understood and well received.

Put back– return to a customary place

Put down– place something on a surface; insult

Put off- postpone; delay

Put on– wear

Put out– extinguish something burning

Put up with– tolerate

Reach up- try to win, have hope and expectations for the future

Rip up– tear into small pieces

Run across– find or meet by chance

Run away- escape

Run about- run with out direction for fun

Run after- try to gain attention of someone from the opposite sex, pursue something.

Run around- keep company change lovers frequently

Run down- wound someone with a vehicle

Run into- collide; meet unexpectedly

Run off- print

Run out of- to have no further supply of, to lack

Run over– hit someone with a vehicle

Screw up– make a mistake

See about- make the arrangements

Set down- make or fix such as a rule

Set off- begin a journey

Set up- start a business

Show off– act conspicuously

Slow down– make something go more slowly

Speed up- move faster

Stand for- represent

Stand by- support

Stay up– not go to bed

Take away- remove

Take back– return; retract a statement

Take in– give shelter; deceive; adjust in size

Take off– remove clothes; leave, rise from the ground.

Take on– accept a challenge

Take over- win control of

Take out– act as host on a date

Take up- begin to take interest in.

Talk over– discuss

Tear up– rip into small pieces

Tell off– express angry response to someone

Think over– consider carefully

Think up- create, plan

Throw away– discard

Throw up- vomit

Try on– test the way something fits

Try out– test the way something works

Turn around– face the opposite direction

Turn down– decrease the sound level, refuse an offer or invitation

Turn off– stop the operation of a machine

Turn on– start the operation of a machine

Turn up– increase the sound level

Wear away/down- reduce gradually

Wake up- become awake

Wear out- use until its finished

Wear off- cease gradually.

Work out– resolve, calculate, exercise

Write down– make a note of something

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